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The Security Council's primary responsibility, is the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members (5 permanent and 10 non-permanent members). Each Member has one vote, the permanent member states have the right to veto the votes. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Agenda Item 1: Ensuring peace and security in the contextually fragile structure of Africa

Agenda Item 2: The civil war in Syria

Study Guide

(c) 2021